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Speed Skating Forum Most of the discussions in this forum will be about inline speed skating but discussions about ice speed skating and quad roller speed skating are also welcome.

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Old April 20th, 2017, 03:47 PM   #1
Join Date: Sep 2016
Posts: 76

Hi all,
There's plenty of info on the web and in books on intervals from 20 seconds to 10-12 minutes. I understand that these are working different energy systems and building a variety of strengths. What I don't understand is how to put together an interval program to best benefit my specific goals. I'm interested in outdoor time trials of 5 and 10k. I know most of you train for pack style racing but I'd be happy to hear your suggestion on tailoring an interval plan specific to TT's.
I have searched without success for ice 5&10k training plans; any links to that info would be great. I have not read Diane Holum's book, but I'm going to see if my library can track down a copy for me.
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Old April 20th, 2017, 05:04 PM   #2
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I should preface by saying, I'm not a certified coach. So, this is just my own advice. But, I think the first step is establishing a goal. Let's say you want to skate a 5K in 8 minutes. If that is the goal, then you have to be able to average 23.3 mph for 3.1 miles (or 8 minutes). The next step is determining your baseline. Go out and skate a 5K and use a device (such as a GPS) that can give you a mile-per-mile breakdown. Let's say during this test, you skate each of the "three miles" at the exact same speed...and the speed you skate at is 22 mph. From that test, it's clear that you have decent endurance and consistency, but your speed isn't there (to meet your goal). So, with a situation like that, I would practice skating one-mile intervals at 23 or 24 mph and do 3 of them (with rest in between). Or, if you can't skate a mile at your target speed, then start with a half-mile or quarter of a mile.

Now, let's assume that during your baseline skate, you skated the first mile at 25 mph, the second at 22 mph, and the third at 19 mph. What that tells me is that you have the speed but maybe not the endurance. So, rather than do a ton of speed intervals, maybe do a longer interval. Try skating 4 or 5 miles at a 22 mph average. With this situation, you can clearly hit the target speed, but you just can't maintain it...so you need to build the endurance.

I think the crucial part is establishing a goal, determining a baseline, and then focusing on your weaknesses. However, you go about doing that, is up to you. But, the idea I tried to explain above is the approach I think you want to take.
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Old April 20th, 2017, 10:06 PM   #3
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Join Date: Oct 2007
Location: Southern IN
Posts: 1,076

There are many ways to incorporate intervals into your training.
You need to know a few things to make it scientific. Max HR, Training HR, Lactate threshold, blah, blah, blah... The easy way is to simply incorporate them into your time trial training maybe twice a week. If you use a HR monitor while training and know what your training HR is, get to that level and throw in some timed sprint intervals. Start with maybe three sets of twenty second sprints with a 40 second recovery time. Cycle the sets in your workout three to five times being sure that you allow you HR to return to your training HR between sets.

Pack skating can also benefit your speed. Especially with faster athletes. Sitting in a pack of faster skaters will allow you to go faster with less effort for longer durations.

Also complete each training session with some all out sprints. These sprints should be performed well after the long skate. Not so long that your muscles get cold, but long enough for you HR to return to normal.

Be sure to do plenty of core work on non skate days. This will help to transfer all the power to the ground as opposed to absorbing it with your body.

A general way to figure HR zones is 220 minus your age equals max HR.
Training zones are typically 50 - 75% of max HR, depending on personal goals.
During sprint intervals one will exceed the 75% range and possibly even max HR.
One should get a physical examination performed by a physition before attempting any strenuous activity.
"Haste makes waste...and talk is CHEAP
Shut Up and SKATE!"
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Old April 21st, 2017, 10:48 AM   #4
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Location: London UK
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A 10-15min TT is certainly above lactate threshold but still probably 80-90% aerobic, so not really that "top end", and as suggested it's probably the same sort of intensity that long track skaters tackle at the longest, so not a bad idea do do more research in that area.

One workout that seems quite popular amongst runners/cyclists to is to alternate between just above and just below the LT, eg say you know your LT is 170bpm, you would repeated do 1min just above this level, then 1min just below this level (allowing for HR lag), then back to 1 min above, 1 min below etc.

Importantly, it's still primarily an endurance event, most of your physiological gains will still come from improving aerobic capacity.
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Old October 20th, 2017, 05:05 PM   #5
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Join Date: Jun 2015
Posts: 5
Thumbs up IT for 10k event

There is not a magic formula to use IT, but there is a German author Fritz Zintl, who have classified endurance events by its duration, for each type its energetics demands and for each demands its own trainning methods. For the events between 10 and 35 mins (he called them Long Duration 1) The most determinant components of performance are.:
1)Aerobic Capacity (O2 Consumption)
2)Anaerobic Threshold
3) Lactic Acid Tolerance
4) Glucogen Storage

As said above, each of these components has a specific ways of being stimulated by a interval training method.
If you want to know more about it IŽd be pleased to comment.
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